In this era where technology takes over the entire universe and humans are meant to do very little work, it is fascinating to look at these technological advancements. The emergence of artificial intelligence has made human lives better and one such innovation is the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) commonly known as Drones. This is a light weight aircraft without a human pilot on-board. They are being operated with various degrees of autonomy, either by a remote control operated by a human or intermittently autonomously by on-board computers.
Components of Drone
The UAV has 2 parts, namely the drone and the remote control. The drone is equipped with a light weighing body and propellers. They usually carry payloads such as a high quality camera with a removable 4GB micro SD Card which enables them to shoot full HD Videos at 1080p/30 frames per second and 720p/60 frames per second, producing crystal clear videos as outputs.
The drone and the remote control must be paired in advance for its functioning. The wireless communication device uses 5.8 GHz frequency band for enhanced performance. The remote control is usually equipped with a smart device such a mobile phone or a tablet to use that as a controller and view the footage that is being recorded by the drone. A smartphone app featuring Ground Station Function can be downloaded from Google Play or Apple Store on to the device and this app helps you track the drone when it’s in the air.
The latest drones with an updated software can fly up to 3.1 miles (5 KM) and can further push the distance with the usage of products such as FPV Range Extenders.
The latest drones are armed with intelligent flight controllers and modes such as ‘Follow Me, Active Tracking, Waypoints and Return to Home’ for enhanced artificial intelligence.
How do they work?
The drone and remote control are paired, and the remote control is equipped with a smartphone enabled with an app which permits the operator in the ground to have complete control over the drone and the activities. This enables the operator to fly the drone in the direction he/she wants. The high performance camera captures the footage and the operator is essentially being able to see them.
Where are they used?
In the year 1973 the US army started using the drones for military purposes during the war. But in the last few years, drones have been largely used for civil purposes such as aerial videography and photography, search and rescue during natural calamities and has been introduced for the purpose of journalism.
Do they have a future?
Though drones were used for military purpose to attack or to search and rescue people during the war and natural calamities, it is reported that over a million drones were sold by 2015 for civil purposes. This has actually outnumbered the number of drones that is with the US army for military purposes. Even though drones are the work of artificial intelligence, there is a question of privacy that needs to be answered. Since drones can capture almost everything on its way to the destination, it can put forth a question of ‘invasion of privacy’ in countries like the US and the UK, where privacy is absolute. Despite this, drones are being utilized following stringent privacy guidelines.